INTERESTING PLACES IN CAPE TOWN: VISIT ROBBEN ISLAND
Robben Island is situated in Table Bay , approximately 10 km north of Cape Town harbour and 5 km west of Bloubergstrand.
It is kidney-shaped with a rocky coastline and a a max length of 4,5 km and a diameter of 1,5 km, the narrowest part – 1 km wide. The total area is more than 550 hectares.
The highest part, Minto Hill on the southern side, is about 30 m above sea level.
The indigenous vegetation consisted mainly or reeds and shrubs up to 1892, when 24,000 seedling trees were planted. These trees multiplied and at present an area of two thirds of the Robben Island is covered by trees. The most important of these are blue gum, manatokka, Cyprus and rooikrans.
Due to absence of high mountains in the immediate vicinity, the average annual rainfall on the island is only 330 mm.
Of the large numbers of penguins and seals found here during earlier times, only a few are left. Seabirds however, are plentiful and especially during April and May, seagulls gather here in their thousands during the breeding season.
The other animals found here are all foreign to the Island and include deer, springbok, ostriches, steenbok, duikers, grysbok etc. Birds on Robben Island: guinea fowl, Indian fighting pheasants, Egyptian water geese, peacocks, partridges.